Crop farming allows players to plant any of several crop plants on farmland, which then grow over time and can be harvested for food. This page covers four separate crops, all of which share essentially the same growth mechanics, though they produce minecraft wall server list crops.
All four seeds need to grow to maturity to produce more crops. Each crop requires an initial «seed stock» for planting, and getting those first few items can be non-trivial. After the first few seeds, or the first carrot or potato, are planted, they will eventually produce more seeds or vegetables than you started with. Carrots and potatoes are usually not found until somewhat later in the game. Wheat is grown from seeds, which can be collected by destroying tall grass.
Harvesting a mature wheat plant yields 1 piece of wheat and 0-3 seeds. In contrast, carrots and potatoes are their own seed, and the plants are not found in the wild. Killed zombies will occasionally drop a single carrot or potato, which can then be cultivated and multiplied into a farm’s worth, or they may be found in village farms. Each mature plant can be harvested to get 1-4 potatoes or carrots respectively. Beetroots are grown from beetroot seeds, which can be found as chest loot and may be found in village farms. Beetroots can be employed to breed pigs or crafted into beetroot soup. These crops can only be planted on farmland which is produced by using a hoe on dirt or grass blocks.
At the beginning of the game when buckets are not available, you can till the dirt at the edge of a pond or lake, perhaps digging a trench to extend the water supply inland or straightening the shoreline by adding or removing dirt blocks at the top layer of the water’s edge. 9 square of farmland with the center square dug out and filled with a water source block. This gives 80 blocks of farmland which can be fenced with 40 pieces of fence including gates and is the most efficient arrangement for simple farms. For larger farms, this plot can be repeated in both the X and Z directions. Leaving the water source uncovered poses a risk of falling into it and then trampling some of the farmland when jumping out of it.
The water can be covered with any block, but using a slab, carpet, lily pad, or other block that can be walked onto without jumping is better to prevent trampling. Placing torches or other light sources near the crops allows them to continue growing at night or underground, and it prevents hostile mobs from spawning near them. It is directly above a block of farmland. If the farmland is removed or reverts to dirt, the crop will be broken.
A light level of 9 or higher in the block above the plant. This doesn’t have to be sunlight, so torches will let crops grow at night or underground. In single-player or in multiplayer with only one player nearby, crops will not grow while the player is sleeping. However, if torches are not being used, sleeping will skip past the nights when the crops would not grow.
All three crops have a total of 8 growth stages. For wheat, each stage is a little taller and darker than the last, and the crop is mature when the wheat turns brown. Growth happens at random intervals and is affected by growing conditions. Right-clicking on any crop plant with bone meal will advance it to a later stage in the growing process which is useful for speeding up the initial multiplication of seed stock. Crops can be harvested at any time by left-clicking on them with or without a tool, but when immature, they will yield only one of the corresponding seed item.